Recent trends for higher education institutions have include the formation of partnerships with foreign universities to create an in-country presence (Bashir 2007). This trend suggests that the competition for income and students is being threatened by a force such as globalisation, which has resulted in reduced numbers of international students, as other countries improve or manage to attract more students than the UK.
As stated earlier, countries such as China and India are beginning to develop their higher education quality which is reducing the need to go abroad to get an education for its students. This is obviously worrying the higher education sectors in the UK, as it had probably increased its dependence on this flow of international students. Bashir (2007) undertook some research which demonstrated that between 1999 and 2004 the number of students studying outside their own countries increased by approximately 50%. For the same period, foreign students studying in East Asia increased (Bashir 2007), and this was obviously reflected in the decreasing number of students in the English-speaking countries in Europe, North America and Australia.