To start with, according to Vertovec , transnationalism is a social movement involving people of different countries which is as a result of reduction and elimination of immigration and emigration restrictions whose main objective is to s facilitate the flow of people, ideas, and goods between regions. However, Waldinger and Fitzgerald maintain that it involves more than just allowing free movement as mentioned there above.
First, various states have regulatory measures regarding the kind of people who should leave or enter a country and therefore it is not a regular process. Additionally, there are always political constraints that the international immigrants face alongside the internal and external control measures they get in the course of carrying out their activities. Though many states have benefited from globalization, there is a difference in the way the natives and the immigrants of a country are treated.