Fossil fuels have been shown to have negative health and environmental effects. Scientists estimate that the burning of fossil fuels produces around twenty one billion tons of carbon dioxide in the air. Unfortunately it is also estimated that our natural environment may probably absorb around ten billion tons of carbon dioxide per year.
This means that almost half of the carbon dioxide produced during the combustion of fossil fuels is never absorbed into the atmosphere.
Carbon dioxide has been scientifically proved to be one of the main green house gases that boost Radiative forcing. This Radiative forcing promotes global warming. Global warming may be described as the increment of global temperatures as a result of the destruction of the ozone layer.
Global warming has been attributed to many global calamities like El Niño, tsunamis, hurricanes, rising sea level as well as reduced biodiversity. For example 90 percent of all greenhouse gases emitted in theUnited Statesarise from the combustion of fossil fuels. In addition to the production of carbon dioxide, the combustion of fossil fuels also leads to the production of the following pollutants; sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides. Acid rain that usually results from some of these gases presence in the air is a threat to both the natural and non natural environment. In addition it has been associated with the development of skin cancer.
The harvesting, distribution and processing of fossil fuels have immense negative environmental effects. These processes have been seen to contribute to the destruction of aquatic organisms and ecosystems, the pollution of air and water.