Sample Essay

Based on an experiment for preparing humans for a long period mission to space that will characterize the effect of long term space flight of about two and half years on muscular tissue and the general muscle presentation of the numerous calf muscles in ISS team members will be measured before and after flight.

Moore also purports that the performance test is aimed at estimating the quantity of strength and power the calf muscles can generate, also as biopsies of two muscles in the calf, they include the gastrocnemius and the soleus which are used to assess the health condition of individual cells that exists within the muscle[1]. This experiment was also meant to determine the system of muscle fibre tearing and soreness that occurs after flight, the information collected from this research of longer-term space flight were compared to pre-existing data gotten from STS-78 (Life and Microgravity Spacelab Mission) to generate a time based representation of how muscle responds to space flight[2]. Lower back pain on Earth is caused by the amount of weight that is positioned on the spinal support by gravity, during operations or missions in space (microgravity), astronauts experience back pain that could as a result strength atrophy in the lower back region. This analysis included studies in the development of lower back pain among crewmembers throughout spaceflight and concludes that there could be a connection to muscle atrophy.

[1] Alan D. Moore. Evaluation of Maximal Oxygen Uptake and Sub maximal Estimates of VO2max Before, During, and After Long Duration International Space Station Missions (VO2max). (2010). http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/science/experiments/VO2max.html (Accessed July 30, 2010).

[2] Alan D. Moore. Evaluation of Maximal Oxygen Uptake and Sub maximal Estimates of VO2max Before, During, and After Long Duration International Space Station Missions (VO2max). (2010). http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/science/experiments/VO2max.html (Accessed July 30, 2010).

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