In his early works Taylor (2002), states that structural intervention is a mode of implementing changes beyond the individual in order to change health behaviors and health outcomes. Whenever structural intervention is thought of, it targets the environmental level factors which shape the environment in which people live and their behaviors in that environment.
In this regard, structural intervention for children refers to the provision of services to children that are showing or have indications of an identifiable problem or are significantly at-risk of developing a problem that may prove difficult to future life. Interventions that are offered to children are educational and therapeutic, which are conducted and coordinated through formal planned methodology of taking action based on the child’s needs during the first pivotal years of life before the needs may adversely affect children’s development. Therefore, it can be conceptualized that structural interventions provide assistance and support to the family, enhance the child’s development, and maximizes the outcomes for the child and family’s opportunities in Canadian society (Cameron, 2007).
Since the first child welfare set up in Torontoin 189, the child welfare in Canadahas gradually been evolving. The driving force behind this advancement lies in the traditions of Canadain relation to a child were; British doctrine of parens patriae (the state as parent of the nation) (York, 1998, p.261) and long-held traditions of viewing children as parents property. The first doctrine gives a meaning and empowers the structural interventions, in the sense that it allows intervention into the private family affair at gain of children protection.