Sample Essay Soil Texture
Soil texture refers to how coarse or fine a soil is: that is, how much sand, silt, and clay it contains. Texture has a major influence on how much water a soil can hold. Generally, the smaller the soil particles (the more silt and clay), the more water a soil can hold (but this water may not all be available to the crop). Soil texture is a significant soil characteristic that determines field management and crop production. Soils can be classified into four main textural categories; Sands, silts, clays, and loams. Soil texture determines the rate at which water drains through a saturated soil. Soil texture also determines the organic matter levels, organic matter breaks down faster in sandy soils than in fine-textured soils. This is majorly determined by the high level of oxygen available in less textured sandy soil.