Soil texture refers to how coarse or fine a soil is: that is, how much sand, silt, and clay it contains. Texture has a major influence on how much water a soil can hold. Generally, the smaller the soil particles (the more silt and clay), the more water a soil can hold (but this water may not all be available to the crop).Soil texture is a significant soil characteristic that determines field management and crop production. Soils can be classified into four main textural categories; Sands, silts, clays and loams. Soil texture determines the rate at which water drains through a saturated soil. Soil texture also determines the organic matter levels, organic matter break down faster in sandy soils than in fine textured soils. This is majorly determined by the high level of oxygen available in less textured sandy soil.